“Setting the USSR”
Ukrainian nation has its long heroic history is inextricably linked with the history of the great Russian people and other peoples of our country.
Ukrainian people, who came together with Rus and Belarusian people from a single root ancient peoples associated with a single origin suspilnistyu proximity and all historical development, constantly striving to unite with fraternal Rus people!
For centuries the Ukrainian people was heavy yoke of foreign occupation and led a constant struggle for liberation. Ukrainian people have always seen in the great Rus people his faithful friend and protector. Despite the reactionary policy tsarism, Ruthenian and Ukrainian feudal lords and the bourgeoisie, it brought together the peoples of Russia and UKRAINE, who collected the only correct way joint struggle against all foreign enemies and oppressors – and the feudal bourgeoisie against the tsarist and capitalist slavery.
Under the leadership of the Communist Party of the Russian people made the Great October Socialist Revolution, which broke the chains of social and national oppression of the toilers and opened the way to socialism. Ukrainian people after the first Ruthenian people out on the way.
Only the victory of the Great October Socialist Revolution, led by the Communist Party, based on ironclad friendship of the peoples of the former USSR Ukrainian people made their national rebirth, for the first time in history created a genuine popular socialist state – Soviet Ukraine part of the Soviet Union. Increased strength and power of the Soviet Union gave the opportunity to Ukrainian first time in its history, been combined in a single socialist state.
2.Orhanizatsiya “Union struggle …” as the founder of the Soviet Union.
Its leaders and its members.
The collapse of populism Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and neighboring Slavic countries, during the tsarist monarchy, the landlord, survivals, ethnic oppression and other feudal vestiges intensified oppression of workers, hindered the development of all sectors of economic, political and public life at the end of the XIX century. and the first quarter of XX century., demanded decisive revolutionary new ideas capable of spiritual oppression adjust their weight, against the oppressors. Founder of the first, and then further, the only decisive revolutionary ideas that played a decisive role in establishing the great Soviet Union, brilliantly executed leader of the Communist Party in Russia, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin.
Already in 1895 V.I.Ulyanov established its name as the “Union” by setting uniform at the time that a political organization called “Union of Struggle for Liberation trudivnychoho class.” This organization was built on the principle of centralism, it adhered to strict discipline. The organization carried out a close relationship with trudivnytskymy masses. However, the organization began a new, proletarian stage. Generally proletariat – the future znyschuvalnyk capitalism – was prepared to fight for a new social order. This was the beginning of the war populism monarchs ocholyuvavshymy power. Lenin, like all other members, engaged in revolutionary pamphlets spread among factory workers. This led to the fact that at the end of 1895 he was arrested and detained for several months in prison and then exiled to Siberia. In the period of exile in Siberia he pondered the future plans of the party, the main importance to the creation of the party newspaper, which was issued abroad and secretly delivered to. After liberation from exile in Siberia, influenced by all members of the revolutionary party, soon came the publication of “Iskra” and “Dawn”. Ilyich Lenin only one knew what to do further, he had the idea to publish the program of the party subsequently convened its congress. “Spark” after Congress began to introduce its readers to the draft program of Lenin and Plekhanov dedicated revolutionary theory and revolutionary organization. Carefully prepared program included successive stages of the revolution. At first bourgeois revolution will destroy the remnants of feudal absolutism and political ranks and establish a bourgeois democracy and bourgeois capitalism, which we continue to see, it was established in Ukraine by the Central Council of the inherent phenomenon in the face of industrial proletaryzmu. Then the proletariat, under conditions of bourgeois democracy is organized and move to the final stage of the revolution, compiled in the overthrow of bourgeois capitalism and establishing sotsializmu.Vzahali this program was developed by Marx and Engels described in their works, and which received its only practical realizuvannya early XX century. These works were outstanding with 40 years of the XIX century .. They secretly distributed among workers and revolutionary intellectuals. And exactly the “Union of Struggle …” formed by young revolutionary VI Lenin was founded on the union of all Marxist circles whose activity was directed at the political education and organization of workers, to create a proletarian-Marxist party. Thus, the main importance was attached to the need to establish a small, united on the basis of shared beliefs Party, which had a solid central leadership. She had to act for the sake of the name of the proletariat as a number of leading the revolution. The methods of revolutionary struggle were diverse, and at times they had to be checked on the basis of experience. Firmly established and immutable was only the central program based on a solid theoretical foundation and carried out with the support of the masses highly organized, disciplined party of professional revolutionaries, having a central leadership.
3.Zhorstki actions of the authorities of both countries to cease development revolution.
On the basis of Leninist theory on imperialism on the eve of the socialist revolution, about fair and unfair wars at the possibility of building socialism in one country, the Bolsheviks launched in Russia and Ukraine broad revolutionary activity in the rear and the front, vplachuvavshy and orhanizovuvavshy trudivnychi masses to struggle against imperialist war and tsarist autocracy.
The practical work of the Bolsheviks held under tight tsarist oppression. The imperial government used military situation hard persecution of the Bolsheviks. Prominent party leaders Stalin, Molotov, Sverdlov, Voroshilov, Ordzhonikidze were imprisoned or exiled; tomylysya in prison and thousands of Bolshevik revolutionary workers; Some party activists and advanced workers were mobilized into the army. The tsarist government denounced the Bolshevik committees and workers’ organizations; Bolshevik newspapers and magazines were closed, the activities of trade unions were banned. But the tsarist police repression failed to break the will of the vanguard of the working class to fight.
The Bolsheviks resolutely opposed the chauvinist great-tsarist policy, which supported the n imperialist bourgeoisie used the war to complete suffocation of the national liberation movement of Ukrainian, Polish and other nations. In busy while hostilities Galicia and Bukovina tsarist government formed the leadership of the most reactionary elements (Count Bobrinsky Black Hundreds, Yevrynov, etc.), infecting the local population that same violence, which exposed the tsarist government and the people of Ukraine.
Harakteryzuvavshy tsarist Russia and Ukraine as a prison of peoples Lenin as the cause of the pointed not only to the military-feudal character of tsarism, not only that the Great bourgeoisie supported the tsarist government, but that the local National bourgeoisie freedom of nations, as well as democracy in general, brought a sacrifice to the interests of the capitalist expansion. Ukrainian, Jewish bourgeois nationalists and others, hence this enmity between peoples, linked their chauvinistic interests with the victory of an imperialist bloc. Ukrainian bourgeois nationalists, were enemies of the Ukrainian people at all stages of the liberation struggle, especially intensified its treasonable activities during the imperialist war. In Jewish bourgeois-nationalist parties dominated the German Bund fylskyy chauvinism.
Ukrainian bourgeois nationalists in Austria-Hungary – is paid agents of the German and Austrian general staffs – even before the war created the so-called “Union for the Liberation of Ukraine” (IED), which aimed to tear Ukraine away from Russia and give the Ukrainian people in the clutches of German imperialism. Ideologist of the bourgeois-nationalist gang was the worst enemy of Ukrainian workers Grushevskii. This nationalist bourgeois nationalist sachem because iron ore was associated with the Austrian government. The funds of the German imperialists SVU published and disseminated nationalist writings Grushevskogo. In an effort to buck the Austro-German imperialists Ukrainian bourgeois nationalists did not stop nor to any atrocities directed primarily against the Ukrainian people. They supplied spies and saboteurs to the German and Austrian studies, worked as a translator at the military tribunals, helping the Austro-German executioners to destroy the Ukrainian people for his sympathy for the Russian people.
In organizing the so-called Legion “Sich Riflemen”, formed from kunatskyh son and vykonuvavshoho in the rear of Russian troops espionage and sabotage task Austro-German command, the Ukrainian bourgeois nationalists were subversive activities among the n war, which Germany and Austria-Hungary held in concentration camps. APC by bourgeois nationalist cursive-Yoltyhovskoho maintained a direct relationship with the German government and the military authorities to give them instructions and all assistance in odurenni voyennopolonenyh the side of the Austro-German bloc in order to form one of the military to deal with.
In January 1917 Lenin in one of his letters vidmichav failure campaigning implemented Ukrainian bourgeois nationalists from Galicia in the camp of war, where there were about 27 thousand. Ukrainian, who while trying universe they thought of separation from Russia strongly protested ” The fact is significant – wrote Lenin – … proximity to velykorusiv took the upper hand! ”
No mass arrests and executions of workers, the Austrian imperialists committed in time of war or subversion of bourgeois nationalists and Ukrainian Uniate Church killed a Ukrainian population of Western feeling sympathy for the Russian people, the desire to reunite with him. Trudivnychi hostile masses related to the Austro-German imperialists and their lackeys bourgeois natsiolistychnym, refused to carry out orders of the Austrian authorities, provide resistance to the introduction of requisition, plucked out for forced labor associated with the war. Ukrainians who were forcibly mobilized in the Austro-Hungarian army, did not want to shoot their brothers, the masses seemed deserted or captured Ruthenian troops.
Came the era of the bourgeois revolution. Ukrainian bourgeoisie sought to use the February Revolution of 1917 for the establishment of their complete domination over workers of Ukraine.
4.Osnovni features of power in Ukraine. Central Council – a body of counter-revolutionary nationalist bourgeoisie.
Ukrainian bourgeois and petty-bourgeois nationalist parties created on March 4 in Kyiv bourgeois Central Rada. Its composition includes representatives of bourgeois landowners, bourgeoisie Ukrainian towns and villages, Ukrainian nationalist intellectuals. Kerivnytsku political role in Central bourgeois party happy playing the so-called Socialist-Federalist and nationalist petty bourgeois parties Ukrainian Social Democrats and Socialist. The leaders of the Central Council were bourgeois nationalist leaders of Ukrainian nationalist counter-revolution – Hrushevsky, S. Wilkens, V.Vynnychenko and Petliura.
The bourgeois-nationalist Central Rada, the national flag was disguised, trying to lead the Ukrainian masses – tear them from the all of the revolutionary movement and to subordinate political influence Ukrainian bourgeoisie. Central Council fully supported the imperialist policy of the Provisional Government on the basic question of the revolution – about war and peace, of power and land. Its collision with the n bourgeoisie for the right to monopoly exploitation of the masses trudivnychyh Ukraine were subordinate importance. In the struggle against the revolution and the Central Council of the Provisional Government constituted the only counter-revolutionary camp. Central Council further took into agreements with Rus and foreign imperialists, selling bondage to his family and his people.
Counterrevolutionary Central Rada, Ukrainian authorities contend prahnuvshy bourgeoisie struggled against the further development of the revolution and was organ class hostile to the Soviets of Workers ‘and Soldiers’ Deputies – the revolutionary-democratic dictatorship of the proletariat and the peasantry. In Ukraine, as throughout Russia, established dual power. One government was working Council and Soldiers’ Deputies, the second – the commissioners of the Provisional Government and public committees. Central Council in its anti-people activities opposed to the interim government and its local authorities.
Winning the February revolution that lifted the active political life of the masses, caused the rise of the national liberation movement. But the February Revolution harbored in himself uncompromisingly internal contradictions. Revolution committed workers and peasants and bourgeoisie seized power. Between the workers, peasants trudivnychymy Ukraine, led by the Council, which fought for the elimination of social and national oppression on the one hand, and the Provisional Government and the Central Council, there were irreconcilable contradiction was inevitable resolute struggle.
5.Pochatok Revolution in Petrograd. Proclamation of the Republican Council.
Under the leadership of Lenin’s Bolshevik Party organized workers, soldiers and poor peasants to fight against the landowners and the bourgeoisie, form a political army of the proletarian socialist revolution, a victory which provided social and national liberation trudivnychyh masses of all the peoples of our country.
For the first time after the February Revolution sharp political clashes took place in April 1917year when more 100tys. workers and soldiers took to the streets of Petrograd to protest against the policies of the Provisional Government. They supported workers Kharkiv, Odesa, Kyiv, Luhansk. The immediate reason that led to these events was the decision of Minister of Foreign Affairs for the further conduct of the imperialist war to the finish.
The government experienced the first crisis: it was not able to master the whole situation. The attack, which began on June 18 received 1917year great slaughter conscience organizers – tens of thousands of dead and wounded. Costly military people policies of the government of his servility to the imperialists of Britain, France and the USA. Popular indignation there was no limit. Began the repression against the Bolsheviks. They severely persecuted edition Bolshevik newspapers were rozhromlenni. 7 July the government ordered the arrest of Lenin. The leader of the party was again forced to go undercover. Among the workers and soldiers were mass arrests of participants in the revolutionary movement. Hit shots that went to attack the counterrevolution.
October 10, 1917 at a meeting on the initiative of the Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party was created Military Revolutionary Committee (WRC), which became the legal center of the uprising.
16 October 1917year was elected party center led by A.S.Bubnova, Dzerzhinskiy, Ya.M.Sverdlova, Y.V.Stalina, M.S.Urytskoho. Great efforts of the Bolsheviks, Lenin titanic activity managed to create a decisive areas of the country a significant advantage over those forces of the revolution who defended the bourgeois order. On the night of 24 to 25 October, it was zahvacheno strategic points Petrograd. In came Neva famous cruiser “Aurora”. His gun was the direction of the Winter Palace – the refuge of the Provisional Government, already on October 25 announced the transition of state power in the hands of the organ of the Petrograd Soviet of workers and soldiers’ deputies – Military Revolutionary Committee, which was at the head of the Petrograd proletariat and garrison.
The decision on the transition of all power to the Soviets Congress adopted 26 October 1917. At the second meeting were taken vital issues of peace and land. Most importantly – working first created and peasants’ government. It was also created the Council of People’s Commissars.
Second Congress of Soviets played an important historical role. Based on an armed uprising victory, he legalized the transfer of power to the Soviets. Congress declared Russia:
“Russian Republican Council”
By the end of November, Soviet power was established in 28 provinces of European Russia. The most important condition for the victory of the revolution was to support the soldiers – initially the Northern and Western fronts, and then others.
6.Sotsialistychna revolution in Ukraine. Proclamation of Ukrainian Republican Council.
The victory of the revolution in Petrograd, Moscow and central industrial regions of Russia became the decisive factor in the struggle for Soviet power in Ukraine, Belarus and other national areas.
The heroic working class Donbass established Soviet power in the first days after the armed insurrection in Petrograd. More difficult was the struggle for victory in Ukraine, especially in Kiev. Here since October 29, the three-day battle insurgent workers and revolutionary soldiers which led the Bolshevik revolutionary committee comprising been A.I.Ivanova, V.P.Zatonskyy, defeated the troops of the Provisional Government. But take a victory they could not. Power treacherously captured the Central Council – a body of counter-revolutionary nationalist bourgeoisie. She was able to gather significant military forces, deceiving demagogic propaganda of the politically conscious enough soldiers, peasants, and declare their power in Ukraine. But the revolutionary forces workers Ukraine not vhamuvalysya usurpation of bourgeois nationalists. They launched a decisive battle with the enemy. Its center base and become industrial areas of Ukraine – Donbass, Dnieper and Kharkiv. It has been some time – and all of Ukraine mass trudivnychi understood the essence of counterrevolutionary Central Rada and rose resolutely to fight against it.
Expressing the will of the workers and peasants of Ukraine, All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets, held in Kharkov, said December 12, 1917 Ukraine:
“Ukrainian Republican Council”
“Power Ukraynskoy on the territory of the republic, – emphasized in the resolution of the Congress –
Henceforth prynadlezhyt solely council workers, and soldatskyh selyanskyh deputies … “. The congress elected a Central Executive Committee (CEC) and formed the first worker-peasant government Ukraine – People’s Secretariat. The decision of the Congress enthusiastically adopted workers of Ukraine. The Soviet government triumphantly stverdzhuvalas in towns and villages in the newly established republic. decisive role in winning the people’s power in Ukraine played a revolutionary help and support of Russian brothers. December 29, 1917 as a result of the victory of the armed uprising was proclaimed Soviet power in Katerynoslav. January 17, 1918 the revolutionary workers, soldiers, Petlurites sailors defeated army, establish power in Odessa. 16-22 January held an armed uprising against the Central Rada in Kyiv. povstavstantsyam come to the aid of a detachment of red Kharkiv and the Donbass and red Cossack regiment Vitaly Primakov. side by side with Ukrainian, showed genuine proletarian internationalism, blood age cementing friendship, fighting detachments of soldiers, sailors, workers of Soviet Russia. Red troops were advancing on Kyiv, led Yu.M.Kotsyubynskyy. January 26, 1918 the city was liberated. Rise of the Kiev proletariat, the soul of which were working their glorious revolutionary traditions of the plant “Arsenal” and the Red troops completed the defeat of the main forces of the Central Council. January 30, 1918, the Soviet government moved to Kyiv emancipated.. “The congress elected a Central Executive Committee (CEC) and formed the first worker-peasant government Ukraine – People’s Secretariat. The decision of the Congress enthusiastically adopted workers of Ukraine. The Soviet government triumphantly stverdzhuvalas in towns and villages in the newly established republic. decisive role in winning the people’s power in Ukraine played a revolutionary help and support of Russian brothers. December 29, 1917 as a result of the victory of the armed uprising was proclaimed Soviet power in Katerynoslav. January 17, 1918 the revolutionary workers, soldiers, Petlurites sailors defeated army, establish power in Odessa. 16-22 January held an armed uprising against the Central Rada in Kyiv. povstavstantsyam come to the aid of a detachment of red Kharkiv and the Donbass and red Cossack regiment Vitaly Primakov. side by side with Ukrainian, showed genuine proletarian internationalism, blood age cementing friendship, fighting detachments of soldiers, sailors, workers of Soviet Russia. Red troops were advancing on Kyiv, led Yu.M.Kotsyubynskyy. January 26, 1918 the city was liberated. Rise of the Kiev proletariat, the soul of which were working their glorious revolutionary traditions of the plant “Arsenal” and the Red troops completed the defeat of the main forces of the Central Council. January 30, 1918, the Soviet government moved to Kyiv emancipated.
Ukraine working class in alliance with the poor peasantry under the leadership of the Bolshevik Party after the heroic proletariat of Russia successfully completed the struggle for the victory of Soviet power and created the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic – the state of workers and peasants.
7.Vstanovlennya new state apparatus. The first Soviet Constitution.
Overthrow of the Provisional Government and the Soviet government, the abolition of the Senate, the State Duma, the old ministries and organizations of national commissioners had laid the beginning of a very difficult process – the formation of new Soviet state. The first steps in the establishment of Soviet power the state apparatus officials met the resistance of the old system. The party adopted an urgent solution which allowed to break the organized resistance saboteurs. October 28, 1917, it was decided on the creation of police and 22 November Sovnarkom decree established the creation of the court. To protect the Soviet Motherland Party immediately created a new regular army. January 15, 1918 Lenin signed a decree on creation of the Red Army, and the 19 of January – on the organization of the Workers ‘and Peasants’ Red Fleet. Along with the creation of a central device management apparatus construction going on cities. An important role in the formation of a new state played the third Congress of Soviets of workers ‘and soldiers’ deputies, who adopted the “Declaration of Rights working and exploited people” – the document magnificent revolution. It indicated the main political problem – the construction of a socialist society. Declaration legislated important gains of the October Revolution in socio-economic sphere. In a short time after the establishment of the All Sovnarkomu and was defeated by the state machine of the old regime and instead installed a new Soviet state apparatus in the center and on the ground. The new state apparatus from the very beginning has become a powerful instrument of dictatorship of the proletariat conquered in protecting the revolution and social construction.
Forever was done away with national oppression. November 2, 1917 Sovnarkom adopted the “Declaration of the Rights of Peoples,” which emphasized equality and sovereignty of peoples, their right to self-determination against a branch and creation of independent states. Stressing the importance of the document, it should be noted that the national policy of the party was the only correct, she brought not only political, but eventually to economic equality, providing further equality and friendship of all nations.
November 11, 1917 the Central Executive Committee and SNK issued a decree “On the destruction of the nobility and civil officials.” Liquidated nobility – a gentleman, tradesman, farmer; titles – Prince, Count and the like; rank officials – secret, state, titular and other advisers. It established one single name for all people – a citizen of the Republic in which he lived.
December 18, 1917 the Soviet government issued a decree on civil marriage, and January 20 – at liberty of conscience, church and religious societies. These decrees emphasized the separation of church from state and school from church. Forever was over privileged position of the church in the country. Soviet power was exercised and will for the first time in history – will atheism. “Every citizen can profess arbitrary religion or profess no.
As we see, the socialist revolution resolutely uprooted remnants of feudalism in the most important areas of social, marital, religious and national life. These exercise long overdue, but they did not make the Central Council that came to power after the February revolution. The Soviet government decided these issues within 2 – 3 months, and with such consistency and determination, have not seen the settlement history.
It is time to head the Soviet state law – the Constitution. RCP (b) reviewed this project and recognized the need instructed a special commission headed by VI Lenin finish it. Revised draft constitution was submitted for consideration and confirmation V Congress of Soviets, which opened July 4, 1918. in Moscow. The work of the congress was interrupted confusion SRs, moving towards an open counter-revolutionary struggle. Their agents on July 6 killed the German Ambassador Mirbach in Moscow with the aim of provoking a war with Germany and started an armed uprising against the Soviets. They seized the telegraph, trying to break through to the Bolshoi Theater, where he worked rally, arrest the government. But this adventure was quickly halted, July 9 rally and continued to work the next day only stifling adopted the first Soviet Constitution. It solidified gains of the revolution: the dictatorship of the proletariat in the form of Soviet power, the democratic will – conscience, speech, assembly, demonstration and unions. At the same time the Constitution defined the duties of citizens important of which was the duty to work. The principle of “who does not work does not eat” was elevated to the rank of law.
Constitution represented the right to vote and be elected to the Board for all citizens over 18 years, regardless of nationality, race, sex, education, attitude to religion.
The Constitution describes the coat of arms and flag of the Soviet Republic. Dear and sacred to every revolutionary were symbols – red flags, sickle and hammer – determined the main essence of the new state, and the winged words of the Communist Manifesto “Proletary vseh countries, soedynyaytes!” are forever inscribed in the emblem of the state of the dictatorship of the proletariat.
Great October Socialist Revolution provided a strong influence on the destiny of all peoples of the world, the whole future course of national reconciliation and history. The victory of October – the main event of the twentieth century, radically changing the way the course of human development. She laid the beginning of a new era – communist. The Great October Socialist Revolution was a turning point of history in every way, defined the general direction and main trends of Peace, initiated irreversible process – changing new capitalism, the communist socio-economic formation.
An extremely important event which determined the social and political development of all the peoples of the Soviet Union, it was the establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Self-Soviet republics that emerged as a result of the victory of the socialist revolution – Federal Russian, Ukrainian, Byelorussian, Azerbaijani, Armyansk, Georgian (the last three in 1922 united in Transcaucasian Federation) all the time sought a lasting union. It was the will of the masses trudivnychyh all republics.
December 30, 1922 in Moscow the I All-Union Congress of Soviets. All were presented republic – founders of the USSR – RSFSR, the USSR, ZSFSR, Byelorussian SSR.
I All-Union Congress adopted the Declaration of the establishment of the USSR and Union treaty between the RSFSR, the USSR, ZSFSR, Byelorussian SSR. It defined the purpose and principle of association, provided for the organization and powers of the higher authorities. The congress also elected legislative body – the CEC of the USSR. CEC Chairman became M.I.Kalinin, Vice – H.I.Petrovskyy CEC (CEC chairman Ukraine) A.H.Chervyakov (CEC chairman Belarus) and N.N.Narymaniv (CEC chairman ZSFSR).
The legal basis of the new state – the Union has become the new Constitution. Her project designed Leninist guided instructions, a special constitutional commission, composed of representatives of the republics. The project developed by the Commission, approved the Plenum of the Party and top state bodies of the Republic. July 6, 1923 adopted the second session the CEC of the USSR, and 31 January 1924 it established the IIVserosiyskyy Congress of Soviets.
The main law of the country defined the following main functions of allied cooperation: implementation of foreign policy, declaring war and concluding peace, delimitation of the Soviet Union and the individual republics, taking in the Union, the leadership of the armed forces of the USSR, transport and communication, planning of the economy across the country. The decision of all other Soviet republics were sovereign. Subsequently, in May 1925 III All-Union Congress of Soviets adopted in the great family of nations Uzbek and Turkmen Republic in 1929 – Tajik.
Riding authority of the USSR Constitution identified the All-Union Congress of Soviets. Delegates to the Congress elected provincial congresses and in republics where there was no provincial division – directly congresses of Soviets republics. Given the class structure of society, the new Constitution did not change the election procedures set out in the first Soviet Constitution.
Between congresses the supreme authority has the CEC of the USSR. It consisted of two chambers – the Federal Council and the Council of Nationalities.
The new economic policy, strong economic links between separate republics created the most favorable conditions for the reconstruction of the economy, which began immediately after the end of civil war and foreign intervention.
What seem insignificant today, “prophecy” ideologues of imperialism and their henchmen – bourgeois nationalists of all stripes who are trying to prove that the establishment of the USSR will lead to loss of independence Soviet republics. History shows conclusively: the highest form of socialist community of nations, which was the Soviet Union, in harmonious unity, united the common interests of the Soviet people and the specific interests of each nation and nationality. Setting the USSR makes an essential conditions for comprehensive political and cultural development of all republics, which established a solid foundation for further strengthening of friendship and cooperation among the peoples.
Fraternal union and friendship Russian, Ukrainian and other Soviet peoples strengthened zahartovuvalysya the Great October Socialist Revolution, in the center of the civil war against the internal counterrevolution and foreign military intervention in the process of socialist construction.
The Communist Party has always led the consistent and relentless massacre against all manifestations of bourgeois nationalism brought the Soviet people a sense of friendship among peoples, of love of country, brought in their spirit of proletarian internationalism.