Leonid Kuchma – the ex-president of Ukraine, who was in power for 10 years, a spokesman for the country as a tripartite contact group “of the OSCE-Ukraine-Russia” to resolve the situation in the Donbass. He also held the following positions – the general director of Dnepropetrovsk enterprise famous for the production of strategic missiles “Pivdenmash”, deputy, head of the Ukrainian government. He was considered a true master of the game behind the scenes and subtle political intrigue. Following the tactics of multi-vector, he was able to skillfully maintain normal relations with all, to meet the interests and expectations of the existing parties: Nationalist – assistance in their quest to join NATO, Russia – preserving a special relationship, to protect the interests and rights of the Russian-speaking population, the United States – by the presence of a cautious anti-Russian rhetoric.
Childhood and family
Leonid Kuchma was born the future Ukrainian leader August 9, 1938 in the village of Chaikino in Chernihiv and became the third child in a family of simple peasants. His mother worked on the farm, his father was a forester. In the first year of the Great Patriotic War, the head of the family died heroically, so his mother had to raise their children alone. Leonid Kuchma, in his youth, Alexander was the eldest son of a miner, daughter Vera – mine locomotive engineer. They left early in the life: he – in the 56 years from cancer, it is – in the 48-year-old from a stroke. At school, the future president liked exact science and a lot of reading.
After receiving in 1955 a secondary education, he went to Dnepropetrovsk (today – Dnepr). Initially, the young man wanted to become a teacher, but when dealing with applicants State University, he changed his mind because he was intrigued by the information on the physico-technical faculty, where trained specialists for the space industry. Another important in choosing the Physical-Technical Institute for the lad, who was very limited in funds, is the fact that there are students pay relatively high scholarship – 450 rubles in the first year, 600 – at the last.
His student life was intense, fun and interesting. The team slumped friendly and cohesive – a place in a hostel, and even the guys scholarship partitioned independently. He studied fine Leonid Kuchma actively engaged in social work, playing the guitar, was fond of preference. During labor semesters he attended a virgin, where he showed courage and bravery during fire burning steppe, for which he was awarded a medal.
Early career Leonid Kuchma
In 1960, Leonid Kuchma graduated from university and was sent to work on raketostroitelnoe Enterprise “Southern Machine-Building Plant” the largest in the world. He quickly managed to prove himself as an excellent specialist and was transferred directly to the Special Design Bureau # 586, which created an advanced missile systems, which have become the main weapon of Russian Strategic Missile Forces. Leonid Kuchma has quickly built a successful career at 6 years of Leonid Kuchma has led them to the test at the cosmodrome “Plesetsk”, “Baikonur”.
He headed the Komsomol organization, and since 1975 – and the party and became a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. In the period 1986-1992 gg. a successful engineer, had already winner of the Lenin Prize, Ph.D., led the department “Pivdenmash”. Besides missile machinery (including the famous missile “Satan”, bringing terror to the United States for its ability to overcome missile defense system), within the framework of conversion of production, the head of the association initiated the development and production of advanced wind turbines, trolleybuses, microwave ovens.
Leonid Kuchma In 1990 he was elected people’s deputy of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, I convocation. In 1991, Leonid Kuchma was one of the founders of the “Academy of Technological Sciences of Ukraine”, later a member of the International Academy of the profile. From 1992 to 1993 he was head of the government, then led by the Union of Industrialists, BP became a folk elect. In 1994, the “red director” replaced at the top gospostu Leonid Kravchuk in 1999 – won the presidency for a second term. Kuchma became president of Ukraine in 1994.
In the years of his presidency, Russia, the United States, Britain, France and China the memorandum of security assurances to Ukraine was signed in exchange for a nuclear-free status, a number of important economic reforms, including state-owned enterprises privatization, the realization of the right to a share in the lands collective ownership, and the establishment of ties with the West. As a result, inflation rates in Ukraine fell by more than an order of magnitude. Like most public figures, he has escaped and several political scandals when he was accused of allegedly involvement in Gongadze’s death, corruption and close links with many of the oligarchs.
Leonid Kuchma’s second in a row Ukrainian president is married to Lyudmila, who hails from the Urals city of Votkinsk. She is younger than the wife of 2 years, worked for more than three decades, the Design Bureau “South”. Since 1996, she became the honorary head of the Social Security National Fund “Ukraine – Children”, from 2000 – head of the “Foundation of Hope and Good.” Lyudmila Kuchma patronize Festival in Artek “Change the World for the Better”, the Paralympics movement, was appointed UNESCO Special Envoy in promoting talented youth.
The couple brought up his daughter Elena, born in 1970, graduate of the Faculty of Economics of the Dnepropetrovsk State University, founder of the Foundation for AIDS and the head of the Media Group Board of Directors StarLightMedia, which included a 6 channels, 3 steylz Hausa and other companies. She has repeatedly stated the representatives of the mass media that he considers his father a politician and a person on a planetary scale. From 1990 to 1997, her husband was Igor Franchuk, the son of former Prime Minister of Crimea, as well as a former MP and head of the “Chornomornaftohaz”.
Married him in 1991, she gave birth to son Roman, who lives now abroad. Lena current husband – billionaire and philanthropist Victor Pinchuk, whose marriage also became the second. His first wife was Helena Arshava, gave him in 1982, his daughter Mary. The new darling of a businessman, the daughter of the former leader of the country, bore him two more daughters (in 2003 – Catherine, in 2011 – Veronica). Interestingly, Elena, marrying Pinchuk Foundation, did not change the name again, remained Franchuk, explaining that I did it out of solidarity with his first-born, Roman.
The book “Ukraine – not Russia”
The authorship of the ex-president owns six nonfiction books, including “Ukraine – not Russia,” in which policies affect the sensitive issues between the two nations. Kuchma, in his monograph highlights the issue of bilingualism in Ukraine. The politician noted that Russian journalists make untrue “stuffing” in the media about the oppression of the Russian-speaking population. Interestingly, the book was released in 2003, 11 years before the beginning of the conflict in the Donbas and the annexation of the Crimea, which is now the Russian authorities to justify the myth of persecution of Russian citizens.
Leonid Kuchma shared many interesting reflections in the book “Ukraine – not Russia”
“One of the favorite themes of the Russian media, when it comes to Ukraine – is the persecution of the Russian language, which allegedly are continuously in our country, some of the Russian media rarely remember the Ukraine for this pretext … I understand that such a law today. journalism: only bad news is considered news, there’s nothing you can do about it.
At the same time ex-President claims: all that was in the life of Ukrainian, Russian and Belarusian peoples until 1917, it is not Ukrainian history, language, literature and culture, and the “all-Russian or domestic.” The author argues that this “all-Russian” was prevalent during the reign of Bogdan Khmelnitsky. Khmelnitsky, writes Kuchma, did not perceive themselves as part of a separate nation, and regarded himself as “Little Russia.”
Kuchma also tells the little-known facts about his life. In 14 years, writes Kuchma, Joseph Stalin’s death was a very great tragedy, and he “did not know how to live.”
In general, Kuchma’s book is written with a claim to history, and although there are some errors on the factual material, it is still better than another attempt with the help of his autobiography to whiten their reputation.
Leonid Kuchma today
After the resignation of the former head of Ukraine received a lifetime benefits, including an assistant, the payment in the amount of presidential salaries, the government dacha in the elite district of the Ukrainian capital Concha Zaspa with security and service personnel, two cars. According to experts in 2007, his fortune was estimated at one and a half billion dollars. The Attorney General’s office filed against the former leader of the country’s criminal proceedings. It was based on the alleged audio recordings of his conversations with the then chief of staff Volodymyr Lytvyn and the head of the Ministry of Interior Yury Kravchenko, presented an employee of the presidential guard Mykola Melnychenko. The talks showed the involvement of these top officials in the crime – the murder of Gongadze. However, the case was closed due to give evidence of having done so illegally.
Kuchma established a foundation in his own name to provide grant aid to the needy. He stands up for education, support talented young people, the protection of cultural and spiritual values. He was again seen in the political arena. As a representative of its independent powers in the trilateral contact group on the negotiations in the format of “Ukraine-Russia-OSCE” in the Donbas. In June 2016 its meetings discussed the ceasefire, the release of the hostages, the investigation of cases of failure of all the other requirements of the Minsk agreements, together with observers from the OSCE monitoring mission.