Yanukovych Viktor – Biography
Yanukovych Viktor was born July 9, 1950 in the village. Zhukovka, Yenakiyevo District, (1961 Donetsk) region.
Father – Yanukovych Fedor Vladimirovich (1923-1991). There was a locomotive engineer and came from the village of Yanuca, Dokshitsky district.
Mother – Russian, Olga Semyonovna Leonova (1925 – August 2, 1952), a nurse. She died when Victor was 2 years old.
According to his own memoirs of Yanukovych Viktor, his grandmother brought – Kastus Ivanovna Yanukovych. She is originally from Vilnius. Replaced Viktor early dead mother. Before the war, she worked at the mine otkatchitsey “Yunkom”. During the war, stolen in Germany ostarbeiters. Returning, caste Ivanovna could not restore the working experience of the documents missing during the war. Her pension was 12.5 Soviet rubles.
Maternal grandfather, Simon Ivanovich Leonov, was a prosperous farmer. Fleeing the dispossession of Donbass moved to Orel, and on other information from the Kursk province.
Paternal grandfather, Vladimir Yanukovich Yaroslavovich. Yanukovych in an interview with “Gazeta Wyborcza” said his grandfather and great-grandparents on the paternal side were Lithuanian Poles.
According to the Soviet and Ukrainian writer, laureate of USSR State Prize. Taras Shevchenko in 1984 for his novel “Eternal Kortelisy” BYuT deputy Volodymyr Yavorivsky, the father Yanukovych during the Second World War he was an accomplice of the Nazi occupiers, for which he was sentenced to a ten-year prison term. This conclusion is the deputy of the Yulia Tymoshenko bloc faction made in January 2010, during the presidential elections in Ukraine in 2010, based on two documents found in the archives of the NKVD.
Yanukovych Viktor graduated from school number 34, on the outskirts of the town of Yenakiyevo, district Pivnovka.
In 1973 he graduated from Enakievo Mining College.
In 1980 he graduated from Donetsk Polytechnic Institute majoring in “mechanical engineer.”
In 2001 he graduated from the International Law Department of the Ukrainian Academy of Foreign Trade with a degree in “international law”. According to Sergey Nadezhdin, whose article was published in the Ukrainian Internet edition “Ukrainian Truth”. His friend (who requested anonymity), studying in this school, “I had never seen Viktor Yanukovych. A pity. “This is his friend also claims that not only he, but” no one remembered classmate Victor Yanukovych … “.
Doctor of Economics, professor. Doctoral thesis Yanukovych (he was then the governor of Donetsk) is dedicated to the management infrastructure of a large industrial region.
Since 1969 – working Yenakiyevo Metallurgical Plant.
For 20 years he was Director General for “Donbastransremont” ON “Uglepromtrans” Donetsk regional territorial association of road transport.
Twice – in 1989 and 1991 – elected to the position of leadership in the workforce on an alternative basis.
Yanukovych Viktor has been a member of the Komsomol – in the years 1964-1978, a well as a member of the Communist Party -. From 1980 to 1991.
In August 1996, Yanukovych was appointed deputy chairman, and in September – the first deputy chairman of the Donetsk Regional State Administration.
In 2001, with the agreement of Leonid Kuchma, his first visit to Moscow on an official visit. The entire period of stay in elective offices in Ukraine enjoyed unwavering support “Association donbassovtsev Moscow.”
On May 14, 1997 to November, 2002 – the chairman of the Donetsk Regional State Administration and the deputy of Donetsk Regional Council.
Between May 1999 and May 2001 – the chairman of the Donetsk regional council in combination.
On December 12, 2000 to February 1, 2004 – Head of the Department of innovation DonGUU management.
MP Donetsk regional council of III convocation.
November 21, 2002, Viktor Yanukovych was appointed Prime Minister of Ukraine (among other possible candidates for the position then also called Sergei Tigipko, Georgiy Kirpa, Oleg Dubina).
April 20, 2003 elected Chairman of the Party of Regions.
August 4, 2006 – December 18, 2007 – the Prime Minister for the second time, a member of the National Security and Defense Council.
February 25, 2010 – President of Ukraine, the head of the National Security and Defense Council, Supreme Commander of the armed forces of Ukraine.
January 28, 2013 Yanukovych Viktor dismissed Prime Minister Mykola Azarov and the entire Cabinet of Ministers.
In February 2014, after three months of protests about a hundred people were killed in clashes in Kiev. A large number of office buildings, in particular, were captured in western Ukraine.
February 21 Yanukovych made a statement which initiates early presidential elections and a return to the Constitution of 2004 with the redistribution of powers in the direction of a parliamentary republic. But the radical group “Right sector” did not accept the compromise that is proposed Yanukovych.
However, this statement did not take the people standing on the Maidan. In Kiev, there was a danger of capture of the Verkhovna Rada, Presidential Administration building.
At the same time I began to work Verkhovna Rada. The deputies decided to return to the Constitution of 2004.
February 22 it was reported that the President resigned. Yanukovych, while in Kharkov, made a statement that is not going to resign, and in Kiev there was a coup d’etat.
On the same day Parliament ousted Yanukovych and President and appoint elections of May 25.
Later, Yanukovych Viktor announced an international search.
February 27 mass media spread the statement Yanukovych, in which he says that in Ukraine there are all the signs of a coup, and himself, he continues to consider the legitimate President.
February 28, 2014, Switzerland launched an investigation against Viktor Yanukovych and his eldest son, Alexander. They are suspected of money laundering.
on 2 March and. about. Prosecutor General Oleh Makhnitskyi Oleg said that the GPU has opened another criminal proceedings against Yanukovych Viktor, “After his performances in Rostov-on-Don decided to open criminal proceedings for attempts and appeals to overthrow the constitutional order in Ukraine.” Specifically on the hour. 2, Art. 109 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine (actions aimed at change or overthrowing the constitutional order or the seizure of state power).
Lithuania’s Minister of Foreign Affairs on March 4 Linkevičius Lynas said that Yanukovych among several other high-ranking Ukrainian officials suspected of human rights violations and the “excessive use of force against peaceful demonstrators”, denied entry to the territory of Lithuania.
March 6, it became known that the GPU has also opened a case on the fact that Yanukovich “in 2010, unconstitutional way changed the Constitution of Ukraine, and thus to seize state power”, which is also classified as a crime under h. 2 tablespoons. 109 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine (actions aimed at change or overthrowing the constitutional order or the seizure of state power).
6 March 2014 The European Union and Canada have declared that Yanukovych Viktor and his sons on the list of high-ranking Ukrainian officials, against whom the financial sanctions are imposed.
March 11, Viktor Yanukovych made a statement to the press in Rostov-on-Don. He assured that he is still the legitimate president of Ukraine and the Supreme Commander: “I have not stopped their powers ahead of schedule, I am alive, I have not set free from office in the manner prescribed by the constitution of Ukraine … In the US, several other countries say that I, as President allegedly he lost legitimacy because fled the country. I repeat: I’m not ran.
At the time of capture radicals government buildings and the presidential administration – in fact, the anti-constitutional seizure of power by force of arms. – I was, as you know, in Ukraine. ” Yanukovych has accused the new Ukrainian authorities of trying to start a civil war. And said he believes the elections scheduled for May 25 “seized in a coup power clique”, “illegitimate and illegal, inconsistent with the Constitution of Ukraine”, the more so that “they will be held in an atmosphere of total control of extremist forces. ”
March 28, 2014, in his address to the Ukrainian people, Viktor Yanukovych said that the loss of Ukraine’s Crimea was the reaction of people to the activities of armed “hundreds” and inadequate control by the state, and that “” Maidan power “no longer escape from the sharp, all the growing public discontent” . He also said: “As president, that you thoughts and soul, urge every sensible citizen of Ukraine – do not let you use the imposters! Insist on holding a referendum on the definition of each region’s status as part of Ukraine. ”
The same day, the Interfax agency reported that Viktor Yanukovych, according to the deputy head of the Party Boris Kolesnikov of Regions, “asked to voluntarily resign the honorary leader and expel him from the party.” Earlier, on March 26 about the possibility of consideration of the Party Congress March 29 issue of the expulsion from the party of Yanukovych Viktor , said, with reference to the press service of the Party of Regions, RIA Novosti news agency. Congress ceased the membership of Yanukovych’s Party of Regions.
April 13, Viktor Yanukovych spoke in Rostov-on-Don, a statement in connection with the situation that is emerging in the east of Ukraine.
In connection with the last presidential elections in Ukraine May 25, 2014. Viktor Yanukovych said that respects the choice of the Ukrainian people