Sigmund Freud – famous psychoanalyst, whose family runs the city Tysmenytsia Western Ukraine. He opened the world of psychoanalysis and the interpretation of dreams. He became a teacher and inspiration of Carl Jung and died of their own.
Sigismund Shlomo Freud was born in Przhybor in Austria-Hungary (modern Czech Republic) in 1856. Austrian psychologist and neuroscientist who studied human unknown. He developed the theme of free association and interpretation of dreams, which formed the basis of psychoanalysis.
Freud was born in a family of Jews. His father was from Tysmenytsia Ivano-Frankivsk region (Ukraine)- Jacob Freud and his mother – the town of Brody, Lviv region of Ukraine – Amalia Nathanson. Both lived in Buchach in Ukraine to relocate the city of Freiberg. Old-timers of Tysmenytsia still remember where the family Freud lived and deeply honor the memory of the family.
Sigmund Freud was born in the difficult post-war period in the city of Freiberg May 6, 1856, becoming the third child in the family. Sigmund’s mother was the second wife of Jacob Freud, who already had two sons from his first marriage. Small business, trade in cloths, bring the family income, which is quite enough to live. But Burst Revolution trampled even not so significant compared to other venture, and the family had to leave home. First, Freud family moved to Leipzig, and a year later – in Vienna. Poor areas, dirt, noise and unpleasant neighbors contributed to the good atmosphere in the family. Sigmund himself did not like to remember his early childhood, considering the years unworthy of your own attention.
The parents were very fond of his son, placing great hopes on him. Passion for literature and philosophical works only encouraged. A reading Sigmund Freud is not a child serious literature. His personal library was Shakespeare, Kant, Nietzsche and Hegel. In addition, he was interested in the study of foreign languages, Latin and even complex was given to the young genius is surprisingly easy. Enhanced training at home has allowed the boy to go to school earlier than was necessary. In school, Sigmund created all the conditions to perform tasks without hindrance, to read and to solve problems. This love of parents is completely justified, and graduated from high school, Freud brilliantly.
After school Sigmund spent many hours pondering what to do next. Strict and unjust laws given not so large selection Jewish boy. Among the proposed professions were medicine, law, commerce and industry. All versions except the first, were rejected as unsuitable for such an educated man. But in medicine, Freud felt no particular interest. Eventually, all the choice was stopped exactly on it.
The impetus for the final decision was the lecture, which was read by Goethe’s work, entitled “Nature.” Medicine of the future philosopher studied without the usual for themselves zeal and interest. Catching a student in the laboratory of Brücke, Freud published a number of interesting and informative articles on the nervous system of some animals. After graduation Sigmund planned to continue an academic career, but the environment require the ability to earn a living. Because, having worked for several years under the direction of some famous physicians of the time, in 1885, Sigmund Freud has made an application for the opening of its own office neuropathology. Thanks to the recommendations he received permission.
A year earlier, Sigmund tried cocaine. The action of the drug was struck by a philosopher, and he wrote many works, which revealed the harmful properties of the powder. One of the closest friends of Freud as a result of the treatment of cocaine died, but an enthusiastic discoverer of the mental world ignored this fact is overlooked. In the end, Sigmund Freud himself suffered from cocaine addiction. After many years and a lot of effort professor still cured of addiction. All this time, Freud did not abandon the study of philosophy by attending various lectures and conducting their own records.
Sigmund Freud: psychoanalysis
In 1885, thanks to the support of friends, the influential medical luminaries, Sigmund Freud was on probation for the French psychiatrist Jean Charcot. Practice opened her eyes to the future psychoanalyst the difference between nerve disease, different degrees of severity and intensity of hot flashes. In Charcot, Freud learned to use hypnosis in the treatment, and if you do not heal completely, much to facilitate the flow of disease.
Sigmund Freud began to apply in its treatment of the conversation with patients, allowing them to speak out and relieve your mind. This technique has gained the name of “free association method.” These conversations of random thoughts and phrases astute psychiatrist allowed a deeper understanding of their patients’ problems and find solutions to their problems. The method helped to completely abandon the use of hypnosis and pushed to communicate with patients in full and pure consciousness.
Freud revealed to the world that any psychosis – is a consequence of human memories, from which it is very difficult to get rid of. Then he brought the theory that the majority of psychoses based on the Oedipus complex and infantile infantile sexuality. This statement provoked scandals and disagreements between Freud psychiatrists colleagues. Many have stated that Sigmund nonsense, and he himself became a victim of psychosis.
The publication of the book “Interpretation of Dreams” at first did not bring proper recognition to the author. However, subsequently leading psychoanalysts and psychiatrists have recognized the significance of dreams in the treatment of patients. After the release of the book by Professor Freud was invited to hold lectures at universities in Germany and the United States, which he considered a great achievement.
In 1910 there was a split in the ranks of the disciples and followers of Freud. The main reason was the disagreement of students so that any psychosis and hysteria associated with the suppression of human sexual energy, namely a theory of Freud adhered to. Disagreements and quarrels tired of the great psychiatrist. He decided to gather around them only those who stick to the basics of his theory. Thus, the “Committee” appeared secretive and virtually secret society in 1913.
Sigmund Freud: the personal life
For decades, Sigmund Freud did not pay attention to the female gender. Frankly, he was afraid of women. This fact has caused a lot of jokes and gossip that bothered enough psychiatrist. He told himself that he could do well for life without the intervention of women in the private space. But the circumstances are such that a great scholar succumbed to the influence of the charm of the fair sex.
One day on the way to the printing Freud almost fell under the wheels of the carriage. Excellent passenger sincerely regretted the incident, as a sign of reconciliation and apology scientist sent an invitation to the ball. Already at the event Sigmund Freud met his future wife Martha Beyrnays and her twin sister Minna. After a while, it took a magnificent engagement, and after the wedding. Married life was clouded infrequent scandals jealous March insisted that her husband broke off all communication with the Mine. Not wanting a quarrel with his wife, Freud did just that.
Over 8 years of marriage in March gave her husband six children. After the birth of the youngest daughter Anna Freud, Sigmund decided to completely renounce sexuality. Judging by the fact that Anna was the last child, the great psychoanalyst kept his word. It is the youngest daughter nursed Freud in the last years of his life. In addition, Anna – the only child of the scientist, who continued his work. At the moment, the name of Anna Freud called child psychotherapy center in London.
Sigmund Freud: death
Reinforced studying various works, a busy schedule and intense work on the left thinker Sigmund Freud health heavy imprint. The famous psychoanalyst became ill with cancer.
Having suffered a number of operations and obtaining the desired result, Freud asked the doctor to give him a favor and help to die by getting rid of suffering. In September 1939, the dose of morphine was interrupted life of a scientist, his body betraying ashes.
Sigmund Freud: Bibliography
- Interpretation of dreams
- Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality
- Totem and Taboo
- Mass Psychology and the Analysis of the “I”
- The Future of an Illusion
- Beyond the Pleasure Principle
- I and it