Skovoroda Gregory

Gregory Skovoroda (1722-1794)
Skovoroda Gregory  Savich (1722-1794)

Gregory Skovoroda was born December 3, 1722 in the village Chernuhi in Poltava Cossack land-hungry family.

As a child, small Grits liked to sit under the willow, to observe the world and play the flute, donated the old Poet. In gratitude, violinist Grits was in a privileged position, because the boy struck his curiosity, besides, he was a voice of extraordinary beauty. Cantor taught Hryts musical notation and put the first singer in the church choir, gave reading books, prepared to join the Academy.

In 1738 realized an old dream guy – study at the Kyiv Mohyla Academy. Gregory was one of the very carefully, especially persistent and intelligent students.

From 1742 to 1744 he lived in St. Petersburg, was the court chapel singer, famous for excellent bass, exquisite playing the violin, flute, bandura, cymbals and flute composer and talent, created music to their poetry. Training continued at the Kiev Academy.

In 1750, in the Russian Mission Gregory Skovoroda  traveled abroad three years traveling Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, visited Bratislava, Vienna, Budapest visited universities, listened to lectures of famous professors worked in libraries, studied philosophy and work, having many languages, debated by scientists from different countries.

He returned to Ukraine in 1753, he taught poetry in Pereyaslavl College. He was diligent, honest and extraordinary teacher, wrote fables taught ancient languages, deeply interested in mathematics, geography, economy; teaching of ethics, which always kept himself. So taught how to live, and lived as he taught – the best feature of the teacher. As a textbook on ethics was, Skovoroda wrote it himself. It was his first philosophical work, based on a view that idleness – the largest human flaw. The students loved the teacher, but he soon had to leave college because work has become unbearable and denunciations of harassment: the powers that they would get rid of a man who publicly declared: “The whole world is asleep, it’s time to wake up!”. Written for students of poetics “Reflections on Poetry and adviser to mastery thereof.”

During 1754 – 1759  lived in the village for Kovrai Pereyaslav working tutor in landowner Stephen Tomar. Posted a significant part of the collection of poems “The Garden of Divine Songs.” He worked as a teacher (originally poetics, ethics and later) in Kharkov Collegium. Uchytelyuyuchy in Kharkov, Ukrainian and Latin verses written “Aesop Fables” (1760), made two introductory lectures, sermons to rate ethics.

In 1766, the philosopher wrote a treatise “The front door to the Christian charity” next year philosophical works “Narkis. Talk about: himself knows “and” Symphony, named Ashan book of knowledge itself. ”

During 1769 – 1774 years Pan wrote prose collection of fables “Kharkiv Fables,” “The chain, named two, that blessed be easy” and “dialogue or conversation about the ancient world” and works: “Talking five travel about true happiness in life “(” friendly conversation about world peace “),” The Ring, “” Talk, called alphabet or ABC world “.

In 1775 – 1776 years were written work “booklet, called Si-lenus Alcibiadis, in other words Alkiviadska icon (” Israeli snakes “) and” book about reading Scripture, called Lot’s Wife. ”

The works “argument Archangel Michael with Satan about: easy to be good”, “devil hath a controversy with Barsabbas” was written in 1783 – 1784 years.

In 1785, Skovoroda joined thirty poems written at different times, in the collection “The Garden of Divine Songs.”

In 1787 he wrote “Thankfully Erodiya” and “The poor lark,” and in 1791 completed the philosophical work “Dialogue. His name – Flood vipers. ”

And with the 1769 Skovoroda led a wandering life, not spokushayuchys various positions and ranks; rejecting every proposal and secular and religious people. “No way! Do you want me increased number Pharisees? – Said a great educator Belgorod bishop to request to become a monk. The monks of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, in turn, urged: “It is enough to wander the world! Time moor to the harbor, we know your talents, holidays Laurus will you like to have your child, you will be a pillar of the church and the monastery ornament “.  Happiness is not the writer saw the estates and glory, and living the conscience; by happiness felt self. In addition to books, manuscripts, flute linen sack and stick, nothing more had not even sought to have their own houses and even a permanent home.

Skovoroda taught that nature – the beauty, harmony, and in society – injustice, and to change the macro (environment), you must change each microcosm (ie himself). With this in mind it is closely related to the idea of ​​”work akin”: acknowledge themselves and improve knowing their inclinations, the person correctly determine their place in society and bring the greatest benefit. And yet many people do not take place, one runs the plow, and he by nature music, another is a judge and he would feed the cattle. The great philosopher argued that a person can not be happy if acts contrary to his nature. The command of nature – a command of God in man. Knowledge of nature – a knowledge of God.

In 72 years the poet passed three hundred foot sections of up to Orel. Where he lived his pupil and friend Michael Kovalynskyy to send him the manuscript of his works. And came back and stopped in the village of Ivanovka, was cheerful, talkative, then went into the garden and the road began to dig a hole. “What are you doing, Gregory?” – Asked in surprise friends. “I dig his own grave, because it’s my time.” When the guests had left, Skovoroda washed, dressed in clean clothes, lay down on a bench and fell asleep … forever.

Heritage composer, poet, fabulist and philosopher Gregory Savich Pans property is expensive Ukrainian national and world culture.


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