Declaration of Independence of Ukraine
19-21 August 1991 entourage Gorbachev attempted to stop perestroyka process and stop the collapse of the USSR. The rebels, led by G. Yanayev intern (isolated) Gorbachev in the Crimea, creating the so-called State Committee on the State of Emergency (DKNS), which is supported by its supporters in the highest echelons of the Communist, the army and the KGB had to take over power in the country. But Democrats Russia headed by Boris Yeltsin managed to seize the initiative and with the help of mass protests to defeat the Conservatives. It became clear that the plan Novooharovskoho signing a document that, according to Mikhail Gorbachev, was to promote a new union contract, hopelessly failed.
August 24, 1991 held an extraordinary session of the Supreme Soviet, which declared independence of Ukraine, ie the creation of an independent Ukrainian state.
December 1, 1991 at the National referendum 90.3% of voters supported the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. Ukraine’s independence is a fact that today recognized all countries of the world.
December 7-8, 1991 in the Bialowieza Forest in Belarus leaders of Ukraine, Russia, Belarus (Kravchuk, Yeltsin, S. Shushkevich) noted the collapse of the Soviet Union and signed an agreement on creation of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). December 21 in Alma-Ata Declaration on establishment of CIS leaders signed Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Ukraine.
The founders of the CIS found that each of the republics is independent in its internal and foreign policy of the state and new international formation contains no center, no supranational structures.[ads3]